This FAQ guide to surfing and surf equipment gives answers to the most frequently asked questions where you are new surfer or an experienced wave rider.

Wetsuit repair is reasonably simple using a wetsuit repair kit like our Cskins Wetsuit Repair Kit. Simple splits can also be repaired using neoprene glue like Black Witch. If your wetsuit is under warranty, or want a professional repair then do not attempt a self or temporary repair, use a established repairer like Bodyline Wetsuits in Newquay.
A 5mm wetsuit is typical. Winter wetsuits are normally 5/4mm or 5/3mm with the thinner neoprene used on the arms and shoulders for extra stretch. In Scotland and Eastern England many surfers will wear a hooded 5 or even 6mm wetsuit.
A 3/2mm wetsuit is usual. Summer wetsuits are often flatlocked stitched, but you can get GBS and seam sealed suits that will continue to be warm right up to October or even November. In the height of summer you can use a 2mm shorty wetsuit or long armed or legged 'springsuit'.
Most surfers will agree that a chest zip wetsuit is better at keeping out water than a back zip. The fact that there is no zip running down the back also makes them more flexible on the torso. There is one big issue with chest zip wetsuits which is they are hard to get on and off until you get used to it and refine your technique. As a general rule if you are older, bigger or buying your first wetsuit we would recommend sticking to buying a back zip wetsuit.
You can tie down your surfboard onto your car using a soft rack system. Softracks are pairs of pads with 2 sets of straps attached. You attach the soft rack by passing the longer straps through your car. You then use the second (normally shorter) straps to tie down you surfboard(s) to the pad.
You can repair a surfboard using a Ding Repair Kit. There are 2 main types of kit, epoxy kits for newer and most mass produced surfboards, and polyester kits for hand shaped traditional fibreglass boards. If you aren’t sure what type of surfboard you have always use an epoxy kit as they are safe for all constructions.

If you only have to make a small repair you can use a solar curing resin like Solarez or Durarez. These resins have fibres premixed into them and cure in a few minutes when exposed to direct sunlight.

If you have a large ding to repair use a full ding repair kit with fibreglass, resin, foam filler and sandpaper included.
The rule of thumb for surfboard leashes is to buy one that is the same length as you surfboard. So if you have a 6ft surfboard buy a 6ft leash.
Surf wax is sold by water temperature. In the UK you should use cool water wax from May until October, and cold water wax from November until April. If you are travelling somewhere really hot use tropical water surf wax.
The best way to wax a surfboard is with an overlapping pattern so that you build up a textured covering. You can do this by using criss-crossing lines of wax or work in a circular motion, moving around the board. You don’t need to wax the whole surfboard, just the main area where you are going to stand.
If you are using softer cold or cool water surf wax you should always use a base coat first. Using a base coat will allow you to build up a great firm texture that won’t go slick. It also helps if the sun comes out as your whole wax job won’t melt off the board. If you can’t get base coat surf wax then a tropical surf wax will do the same job.
All our wetsuits should have a wetsuit size guide showing in the images. Please follow these manufacturer's guides. If you fall on the borderline between two sizes go for the larger size, particularly if you have broader shoulders, a larger chest or this is your first wetsuit.
You attach a surfboard leash to the small plug at the rear of the board. The plug is normally round with a scoop and a bar across. There are 3 types of surfboard leash attachment and they should all attach easily to this plug.

The first type of leash has a Velcro strap and a sewn in string. For these simply open out the Velcro, push the string loop under the leash plug bar, fishing it back out the other side using a small instrument like a fin key or screwdriver. Then pull the Velcro ends through the string loop, so the string is next to the sewn in part, and fold over the Velcro to secure it. Finally, give it a good tug so you are happy it is secure and to lock in the Velcro.

The second type of leash has a Velcro rail saver strap and a loose string. With this you can open up the Velcro, take out the string and loop it into the leash plug as above. Be sure that when you have it through the plug you put the Velcro rail saver back though both loops either side of the bar. If you have created one loop by pulling the string back through itself you can end up with a piece that is so long it might bite into the board under the pressure of a wipeout. It’s easy to test if the string is too long by pulling the leash around the tail and ensuring only the rail saver strap touches the boards rails and tail area

The last leash type does not have a Velcro rail saver. Only a strap with a loop on it. The string normally comes tied into this loop. To secure it, untie the string and push it through the leash plug, through the loop on the rail saver and then tie it using a figure of 8 or 'overhand' knot.
In almost all cases the quoted length of a surfboard bag is based on the length of surfboard it will fit comfortably. The bag itself will usually be around 2 inches longer IE a '6ft6' bag will actually normally measure around 6ft8.
Clean the wax of your surfboard at least twice a year. Normally around May when you switch to cool water wax and then in November when you switch to Cold. On top of those times scrap it off any time it has gone slick or crusty/muddy etc from your feet. As well as getting you a nice fresh coat of wax, cleaning down your board gives you a chance to check for small surface dings that your wax can hide.